How To Build A Deck
Tips And Ideas For Diy How To Build a Deck
How to build a deck is a question that has gone through many people’s minds when considering adding on a deck. A lot of planning goes into building a nice deck including figure out the best deck plan and design. The Internet is a good source of information for your initial deck ideas. Many free deck plans are available online through various home improvement websites. For a small deck, most deck plans online would be sufficient.
When designing more elaborate deck plans it is important to sketch out a variety of drawings on the ideas you are considering. These drawings are a great tool that can assist the deck builders deck building plans. The Building Planner will design a variety of deck plans and blue prints for you to choose your deck plan. It is possible to build a simple home deck in four to six days for under $1,000. A beginner can build this type of deck by following some simple installation tips. The deck building job can be one that is slightly difficult but will be well worth the time and investment. Building a deck is fairly straight forward if you pay close attention the following tips and have some basic carpentry tools.
Building the on-grade deck, one that is just slightly raised from the ground, which does not require any poles, railings or steps, is the easiest of the decks to build. The on-grade deck is the most simplistic of the deck styles to build and an easy style to start with for the beginning deck builder. Structurally, it would be basically the same process for a larger raised deck, which would use the same elements including a ledger, joists and beams and the same type of base. When building the on-grade deck you would begin with the front rim joists and beams made of doubled up lumber. The nominal width should match the actual span in width. An example of this would be a rim joist that spans yen feet would require two 2×10. The ledger is made of a single board of the same width.
Attaching Deck Ledger
The next step is to attach the ledger to the side of the house. You will do this by first removing the siding to one foot above the top of where the ledger will rest. Then mark the location of the top of the ledger with a chalk line. Then cut a 2 by 1 ½ inch spacer for each two feet of ledger. Align the spacers with the chalk line and attach. It is very important to align the ledger with the top of spacers and attach them to the wall. Each spacer needs to be attached to the house following a zigzag pattern to be tightened against the house with an impact wrench.
The next step in the process will be attaching weatherproof membrane to protect the ledger. This membrane should be six inches wide and the same length as the ledger. This membrane needs to be folded lengthwise along the center to form a right angle. This will need to be applied so it covers the ledger and tops of space blocks that extend up the wall. A piece of metal will then need to be cut the same size as the membrane folded in half and applied over the weatherproofing membrane. Nail this together over the top edge every eight inches. Fastening concealed joist hangers at both ends of the ledger finishes this step.
Footings & Piers
Setting the footings and piers is the following step when building a deck. It is important to set up the batter boards and determine the exact footing locations at the decks outside corners. A hole will need to be dug deep enough to extend past the frost line at each foot location. Assemble the footing and piers according to the included instructions, and then refill the hole. You will then need to run a level line from the pier tube to the very top of the ledger to determine the finished height. Mark the pier for the correct height and then trim if needed. This process will need to be repeated for each pier of the deck. Be sure to double check each pier and adjust if necessary. These will need to be filled with concrete and allowed to cure.
Post Bases & Side Rim Joists
The next step is to install post bases and side rim joists. Placing a post base on top of a pier and positioning it so the board will not interfere with the joists at the start of this process. Reposition if necessary then insert an anchor bolt and tighten. Repeat this process for each pier. Cut pressure treated beams for the side joists and attach by nailing them together on each side in a zigzag pattern. Then slide a rim joist into the rim joist hangers and connect to ledger with nails. Rest the joists opposite end on corresponding pier. Repeat with each of the side joists.
Front Rim Joists & Beams
Next you will need to install the front rim joists, beams and interior joists. Starting with the double joist hangers fit the inner 2xs into the post base. Once this has been completed fit a side rim joist into its front rim joist hanger and square it to the corner. Secure the rim joist to the bases with hanger nails. Then connect the face of the front rim joist to the end of the side joist. Repeat with each side rim joist. Then fasten the hangers for the beams every eight feet along the front rim joist and the ledger. Make sure each beam is fit and then nail into place. Finally, make sure the joist fit through the hangers.
You will then be attaching any trim and adding the final decking. Nail the trim boards to the outside faces with the nails spaced every 12 to 16 inches. Miters joint all of the corners to ensure a good fit. It is important to measure the distance from the back side of the ledger to the end of the trim board, then add one inch for proper over hang. Cut all of the deck boards to this length. Squeeze a polyurethane sealant on the top edge of the side rim joists to help secure the decking in place. Lay each deck board in the sealant so the long edge over hangs the trim board one inch. Secure each end of the deck board with a finishing nail. Lay each deck board securing them with nails at the completion of each row. Continue this process until the deck is complete. It is important that the siding is replaced with in 1 inch of the top of the deck.
If you keep these steps in mind when working on your new deck, the process will go extremely smoothly. These were tips for a small deck with a simple design plan. It is important to consult with professional deck builders for more elaborate designs to be sure that your deck meets all city and state building codes. Deck builders will be able to supply blue prints and drawings for all plans prior to any installation. If you work closely with the deck builders, you will have your dream deck in no time.